NAIROBI BUDDHIST TEMPLE, LORESHO
FIVE DAY BUDDHIST STUDY PROGRAM AND INITIATION CEREMONY
21st May 2013 – Day 2
1.0 Beginning, Expansion & Brief History of Buddhism
1.1 After Attaining Enlightenment
- The first five students
- The first sermon (Dhamma chakka pavattana Sutra)
- 60 Arahants and Start of Dhamma Mission (Charata bhikkave charikam bahujana hithaya bahujana sukhaya)
- The attendant Ananda
- Passing way of the Buddha or parinibbana in the city ofKusinara or Kusinagar
1.2 Two Main Schools of Buddhism
Theravada – The teachings of the elders
- Theravada Buddhist Countries: Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand
Mahayana – The grater vehicle(mixture of many schools; Zen, Vajirayana, Pure land school)
- Two original Mahayana Schools, Madyamika and Yogachara
- Some Mahayana Buddhist countries: China, Japan, Tibet, Nepal, Korea
1.3 Buddhist Scriptures (Three Baskets or Three Pitaka)
- Vinaya Pitaka – Rules of Conduct
- Sutra Pitaka– Discourses of the Buddha
- Abhidhmma Pitaka – Higher Buddhist psychology
2.0 Five Precepts
- To abstain from taking the lives of living beings
- To abstain from taking that which is not given
- To abstain from sexual misconduct
- To abstain from telling falsehoods
- T o abstain from distilled and fermented intoxicants, which are the occasions for carelessness (which also includes drugs)
2.1 The Difference between the Precepts & Commandments
2.2 Learning to Chant Five Precepts in Pali
Panchasila – The Five Precepts
1. Pânâtipâtâ veramani sikkhâpadam samâdiyâmi
I take the precept to abstain from destroying living beings.
2. Adinnâ-dânâ veramanî sikkhâpadam samâdiyâmi
I take the precept to abstain from taking things not given.
3. Kâmesumicchâ-cârâ veramanî sikkhâpadam samâdiyâmi
I take the precept to abstain from sexual misconduct.
4. Musâvâdâ veramanî sikkhâpadam samâdiyâmi
I take the precept to abstain from false speech.
5. Surâmeraya-majja-pamâ-datthânâ veramanî sikkhâpadam samâdiyâmi
I take the precept to abstain from distilled and fermented liquor that
causes intoxication and heedlessness.